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Sabail inscriptions
 
     Sabail inscriptions exhibited in the central courtyard of the museum are directly connected to the Shirvanshahs’ Palace. All these inscriptions on a stone were found under the water of Baku bay. There was a small island at 300 meters from Baku bay. In the Middle Ages on the island was built a fortress. According to the chronicles in 1306 has happened a devastating earthquake and sea level has risen sharply. As a result, the island with the fortress was remained under water. The process of lowering the sea level has begun only in the XVIII century and lasted until the beginning of the XXth century. During 30 years – from 1939 – to 1969, an underwater archeological research has done and it was known that for many centuries of staying under water the fortress was destroyed, preserved only the foundation and inscriptions on a stone. The height of these monuments is 70 cm, width - 25-50 cm, and thickness - 12-15 cm. There were found under water 699 epigraphic monuments. The length of the fortress, surrounded by 15 semicircular towers, was 180 m, width - 40 m. Sabail inscriptions surrounded the upper part of the external walls. Writings on those inscriptions on a stone were scraped in Farsi by Arabic graphic.
     In walls were found coins of Shirvanshah Fariburz III, which were stroked in the I half of the XIII century. Shirvanshah Fariburz III ruled from 1225 to 1243 and completion of construction of the fortress fell on the period of his reign. During the archaeological excavations there was found a fragment of an inscription dating 632 (1234-1235). The name of the architect of the fortress was Abdulmadzhid, and the name of the author-calligraph of the epigraphic monuments was Zeynaddin ibn Aburashid. Sabail fortress was a fortress for protection from the sea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
The complex of Shirvanshahs palace
    The Ensemble of Shirvanshahs' Palace built in the XV century, is one of the pearls of Azerbaijanian architecture. The construction of the palace are situated on the highest point of one of the hills of «Icheri Sheher» - Baku fortress. Being picturesquely spread over three terrace - yards towered above each other the ensemble is seen from the sea and heights surrounding the city. The buildings crowned with cupolas with the well-proportioned portals and minaret, irreproachably made details, inimitable kind of fine and deep carving of ornaments and inscriptions, splendid masonry have come down to us in all their beauty.
    The ensemble contains dwelling - house, «Divanxane», Shirvanshahs' tomb Palace mosque with a minaret, bath-house, SeyidYahyaBakuvies Mausoleum, Eastern portal.
    Divankhane was the place for official receptions and state meetings. Rotunda of Divankhane is crowned with the cutstone cupola with pointed arch surrounded by the same arcade of closed yard. A high, well - proportioned portal of the main entrance is decorated with ornaments and inscriptions of unusual polish and beauty.
 
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