The maiden tower
The most majestic and mysterious monument of Baku is Gyz Galasy - the Maiden Tower rising in the south-eastern part of the fortress of Ichari Shahar. The tower was built on the ledge of the coastal rock and consists of a cylinder 29.5 m in height and 16,5 m in diameter which was inlaid with local grey limestone. The thickness of the walls at the foundation is 5 metres, and in the upper part 4 metres. On the eastern side a projection, the purpose of which is still unknown joins the tower. The internal space of the tower is divided into 8 tiers. Each of the eight tiers of the tower is covered with a stone cupola with a round opening. The light penetrated inside through the narrow window openings of a loop-hole type, widening inwards. Bays are constructed in the same thickness with the walls, inside them are laid a pottery pipe 30cm in diameter.
From the outside of the tower in the southern-western side laid the plate with the inscription. The Cufi inscription, engraved on the plate reads “gubbe (the cupola, vault) of Masud Ibn Davud”. But this plate definitely appeared in the tower later, as it is accidentally and inaccurately fit to the masonry, not above the main entrance, but somewhere by the side, at a height of 14 m from the ground. Most likely it is a tombstone which was placed in the dent done up in the tower during the repairs.
The tower was restored in the 1960s. Since 2000 “The Shirvanshahs Palace” and “The Maiden Tower” have been included in the UNESCO list of the monuments.
The Palace is open to all visitors daily from 11.00 to 18.00, except Monday.